A Beginner’s Guide to Engineering and B.Tech


Engineering/B. Tech is a professional course which focuses on imparting technical and applied scientific knowledge to all the students pursuing it. Engineering is considered to be a professional course; inferring that the degree is recognized worldwide, and the syllabus followed is more or less uniform and standardized within the system. Apart from the technical aspect, the course also promises students a platform to improve their interpersonal skills, general aptitude, and problem-solving ability, critical thinking and group work.

Backgrounds of Students Applying

Students who opted for science or commerce or other similar fields are eligible to pursue engineering. Like other professional courses, engineering also branches out to various specialized fields which students can pursue; Mechanical engineering, computer science engineering, Electronics and communication, Biotechnology, Automobile engineering, Chemical engineering are some of the branches students can opt for.

Evaluation and subject study in B.Tech

Evaluation and subject study in B.Tech
Evaluation and subject study in B.Tech

The standard duration for the completion of the engineering or B.Tech course is 4 years. In most of the universities, a semester system is followed, meaning the course will be split into a combination of 8 semesters over a period of two years. The students applying for the course will be required to study the fundamentals of every subject regardless of the branch they opt for, in the first year. From the second year, the syllabus for the students will be set according to the subjects more closely linked with the branch the student is associated with.

The grading system followed is the conventional cumulative structure which implies that the student will be evaluated on a continuous basis, with a minimum of two mid-semester examinations and one end semester examination by the end of the examination. The student will also be required to take part in group discussions and project works along with written tests and pop quizzes as part of their evaluation.

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Entrance Examinations and B.Tech Colleges

Entrance examinations and B.Tech colleges

 Students have to secure high ranks in their entrance examinations to obtain ranking which will reflect on the seat allotment for the student. According to the current trend, students are expected to secure good ranking in their examinations to pursue engineering in branches like Computer Science, Electronics, and Mechanical Engineering. Every state offers its own entrance examination for the students to apply to colleges across the state.

MNIT, SKIT are some of the best B.Tech colleges in Jaipur.  Apart from the examinations conducted within the state, national level examinations like JEE and BITS are conducted for students to apply for IIT’s, NIT’s and BITS institutions throughout India.

Institutions Offering the Course and University Recognition

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) and National Institute of Technology (NIT) are some of the prestigious institutions offering engineering courses throughout India and is regulated by the government.  In south India, top engineering colleges include MIT (Manipal Institute of Technology), NITK, etc. In north India, there are a lot of top colleges which offer B.Tech programs. Gujarat, Rajasthan and Delhi house many high-quality engineering colleges. Bachelor’s of Technology colleges in Ahmedabad include LD college of Engineering, Ganpat University, Nirma University, etc.

Students have to appear for the entrance examination which is recognized by these top colleges. Engineering courses done in colleges recognized by the government are considered to be of relevance even outside India, Which can be an added benefit if the candidate wishes to pursue further studies or even job opportunities abroad.

More about grading system followed in engineering colleges

More about grading system followed in engineering colleges
More about grading system followed in engineering colleges

The cumulative system means the student will be awarded cumulative grade points by the end of the semester and ultimately at the end of the course. Each subject included in the syllabus is allotted a fixed amount of credits which is then calculated in relation with the grade point scored by the student in the subject.

The grade point awarded at the end of each semester is the semester grade point average (SGPA) and the total average is reviewed in the form of cumulative grade point average (CGPA). The importance of grade point average comes into play when the eligibility of the candidate to appear for the interview is concerned, as companies offering placements often regard grade point average as the parameter for filtering students.

Key Features of Engineering Degree

Key features of engineering degree
Key features of engineering degree

Another special feature about engineering course is that the student will be provided with many options after the completion of the course, to proceed with distinguished specialization fields. An engineering graduate could take up a teaching job by pursuing M.Tech/M.S, MBA degree to establish a business or work for a managerial position in a company. The course also provides room for research and development; for instance in the field of computer science, students will be expected to solve real-life problems with the help of software integration. These characteristics make engineering a fundamental requirement in each and every field. Account management? Need computers. Driving a car? Need the magic worked by a mechanical engineer.

The duration of the course is shorter when compared to other courses of comparable importance. Job opportunities are also better after the engineering bachelor’s degree when compared to other courses. This makes engineering an attractive option for students. Even the course mainly involves branches heavily dependent on the student’s proficiency in mathematics and technical knowledge, branches like biotechnology, biomedical and chemical engineering could be viable options for students who wish to avoid the terror of highly difficult syllabus set for engineering mathematics.

Challenges Faced

Challenges faced
Challenges faced

Even after all the benefits, the course has to offer, the fact remains that engineering graduates often find themselves in a dilemma where job opportunities are concerned. The fact remains that more than 1.5 million engineering students graduate every year in India from about 3,500 colleges. And without question, there aren’t enough companies or opportunities available to accommodate all of them requiring them to do the same kind of job. These challenges prove to be the reason why engineering students tend to pursue unrelated careers after obtaining their bachelor’s degree.

There is only one solution to this; if you want to ensure that you will have a very good career after the course, you need to work hard to be the best at what you do. The most important aspect of choosing a course is to know whether it reflects your passion or not. We must be careful not to be trapped in the rat race for comfort and luxury; we must dream and take every step to work in an environment effectively, with passion, and satisfaction.



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