High-stakes testing is a frequent topic of debate in educational circles. On one hand, it is said to measure students’ academic progress and performance, providing data for policy development and program evaluations. On the other hand, it can lead to anxiety and stress for test takers and can also hurt curriculum and teaching. It’s important to take a balanced and measured approach when evaluating the pros and cons of high-stakes testing.
In this article, we’ll explore different perspectives, share some insights, and take a closer look at the ways that learning management systems (LMS) and online testing software can help improve the testing process.
Pros of High-Stakes Testing
Supporters of high-stakes testing argue that it provides an objective measure of student performance, creating accountability for both educators and students. Standardized tests are one way to check that students have learned the same knowledge and skills as their peers and to see how they stack up nationally.
The data collected from these tests can also help administrators and policy-makers determine what areas need improvement, leading to targeted curriculum and teacher training.
Improved Learning Outcomes
Testing gives teachers valuable insights into what their students are grasping and where they need to improve. When used well by teachers and administrators, standardized tests can highlight areas in which students are struggling and provide data that can help teachers to adjust their instruction methods and curriculum. They can also motivate students to work harder and aim higher.
In some cases, high-stakes testing can help to mitigate or reduce implicit biases held by teachers and other relevant stakeholders.
For example, when evaluating students’ written assignments, a teacher can be unconsciously influenced by factors like handwriting, spelling, or a student’s background. Standardized testing, on the other hand, can be more objective and help to reduce such biases.
Cons of High-Stakes Testing
Critics argue that high-stakes testing can be harmful to students and teachers due to the stress, anxiety, and pressure it creates. There is also a concern that it may narrow educational focus and risk failing to capture a full picture of student achievement.
Anxiety and stress
Frequent and intense test-taking pressure can cause students to feel exhausted, anxious, and disheartened. The pressure to perform well can also lead students to resort to ‘teaching to the test’ methods, which can be at odds with an engaging and wide-ranging curriculum that supports deeper learning.
High-stakes tests primarily focus on reading, writing, and mathematics, which can create a narrow educational focus. It may lead to a decrease in the allocation of resources to other areas of learning, including art, science, music, and physical education. Instead of highlighting the strengths of a student’s overall skill set, it can limit focus to a specific set of testable topics.
Inaccuracy and Unfairness
The American Statistical Association suggests there are differences between high-stakes and low stakes testing systems that impact accuracy and validity. High-stakes testing has the potential to introduce inaccuracies, as it relies on one measure of student knowledge and does not account for variables like students’ attention level or even their cultural background.
Whilst high-stakes testing can have pros and cons, it’s clear that a balanced, thoughtful approach is needed. Online education software and learning management systems can help mitigate some of the issues of high-stakes testing.
One great thing about online testing software is that it can be used for formative assessments, offering teachers regular feedback on student progress. By offering these assessments, students can practise before taking an important test and become more comfortable. Providing them with the necessary training, and support for online testing can help students perform better during those high-stakes tests. LMSs also offer progress reports to parents and administrators, increasing transparency about student progress.
Understanding both the pros and cons and planning accordingly is the right solution to navigate the high-stakes testing landscape.