Pregnancy is one of the most special and overwhelming feeling women can have in their entire lifetime. Giving birth to a new individual properly requires certain considerations to make. Owing to the fact that genetic disorders and other illness can be detrimental to the baby, it is important to perform vital tests and diagnosis while you are pregnant. Here are some of the essential tests that healthcare providers all around the world recommend during pregnancy:
Monitoring the Fetal Heart Rate
During labor, medical professionals mostly monitor the heart rate of the fetus in order to determine that your baby is receiving the proper amount of oxygen. The test is necessary mainly because often due to contractions, the heart rate in the baby during birth undergoes a change, as contractions restrict the normal transmission of oxygen to the baby. Nevertheless, any changes that do not sit well with the normal heart rate can be corrected by taking the needful steps. Make sure that you undergo this test in order to ensure that your baby is getting the right amount of oxygen.
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Group B Streptococcus Screening
GBS or group B streptococcus is a unique bacterial infection that has the possibility to occur in one child out of 2000 babies born in America. If a baby is born with such condition, it can lead to some serious harmful effects, which is why doctors highly recommend pregnant women to go through this diagnosis. The test is generally conducted in the 35th to 37th week of the pregnancy tenure and even if the test shows positive results for GBS, there is one out of 200 probability of the child to be born with the condition. A child with GBS bacterial infection can further acquire serious illness such as meningitis, sepsis, and pneumonia. However, with the proper intake of antibiotics during your pregnancy, you can easily manage to lower the risk to a great extent.
Southern blotting, DNA analysis through polymerase chain reaction and gel electrophoresis are some of the recent developments in science. It is mostly performed for diagnosing bacterial or viral infection; however, medical professionals now also utilize it for maternity analysis.
Perhaps this is the most common diagnosis that parents prefer to have the first view of their child. The procedure of an ultrasound test is not so complicated, as a lubricating jelly is spread over the abdomen region of the mother’s body and an ultrasound wand is rolled over the skin surface. After that, waves of a high-frequency range are transferred to the uterus which returns back with an image of the baby.
Blood Pressure Test
Blood pressure tests are prescribed by doctors nowadays to make certain that there are no signs of preeclampsia present in your urine and blood. Although you have to go through frequent urine tests, the blood pressure tests specialize in figuring out this condition, where the presence of protein and the lower count of platelets can indicate the condition of preeclampsia.
Making sure that your baby is healthy starts right from the very first month. Consult your doctor and go for regular medical check-ups to ensure the wellbeing of the fetus.